Gum Disease is the inflammation and destruction of the tissues surrounding the teeth. This includes the bone, soft tissues and fibres that hold teeth in place.
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease where only the surface layers of the gum, are affected. At this stage, there is no damage to the deeper parts of the gums, teeth or bone.
Periodontitis occurs as the advanced stages if gingivitis is not treated. Structures affected by periodontitis include the covering of the tooth root, the bone and the fibres that connect the tooth root to the bone (periodontal ligament).
Once periodontitis occurs, bone loss occurs and spaces between the tooth root and the gum form. These are called periodontal pockets and bacteria trapped in these pockets cause even more damage to the gums.
Although gum disease is usually caused by build up of plaque on teeth, other factors such as smoking, diabetes, heart disease and other systemic conditions have been found to play a major part in the progression of periodontitis.
Most of the time gum disease can be completely pain free.
Although signs that you may have gum disease include:
Gums health is important for many reasons.
The treatment of gum disease varies depending on level of severity. At Simply Teeth, our dentists offer many pain free treatment modalities to stop and prevent gum disease.
If you suspect you may have gum disease, contact one of our friendly staff members at Simply Teeth West Perth today for a check up and consult today!